Human boundaries.

Castes seem to have originated more than 2,000 years ago. Under this
system, which is associated with Hinduism, people were categorized by their occupations.
Although originally caste depended upon a person’s work, it soon became hereditary. Each
person was born into an unalterable social status. The four primary castes are Brahmin, the
priests; Kshatriya, warriors and nobility; Vaisya, farmers, traders and artisans; and Shudra,
tenant farmers, and servants. Some people were born outside of (and below) the caste system.
They were called “untouchables” or Dalits—”the crushed ones.”
During the 1900’s Marriage across caste lines was strictly forbidden. Most
people even married within their own sub-caste or jati. At mealtimes, anyone could accept
food from the hands of a Brahmin, but a Brahmin would be polluted if he or she took certain
types of food from a lower caste person. At the other extreme, if an untouchable dared to
draw water from a public well, he or she polluted the water, and nobody else could use it. In
religious worship, Brahmins, as the priestly class, presided over rituals and services including
preparation for festivals and holidays, as well as marriages and funerals. The Kshatriya and
Vaisya castes had full rights to worship, but in some places, Shudras (the servant caste) were
not allowed to offer sacrifices to The Gods. Untouchables were barred entirely from temples,
and sometimes they were not even allowed to set foot on temple grounds. If the shadow of an
untouchable touched a Brahmin, the Brahmin would be polluted, so untouchables had to lay
face-down at a distance when a Brahmin passed.
They were not allowed to sit in school with their counterparts if they were of lower caste,
they were told to sit in a gunny cloth and the servant would not touch the gunny bag touched by the Dalits. They could not drink water from one tank, as they would pollute the whole
water, they could not even quench their thirst before the touchable person opened that tap. No
waterman washed their clothes not because they didn’t have money but they were of so-
called lower caste.
According to 2011 census the Dalits comprise of 16.6 per cent of India’s
population. 2014 report to the Ministry of Minority Affairs, over 44.8 per cent of Scheduled
Tribe (ST) and 33.8 per cent of Scheduled Caste (SC) populations in rural India were
living below the poverty line in 2011–12. In urban areas, 27.3 per cent of ST and 21.8 per
cent of SC populations were below the poverty line. Caste is something like blood which
flown into the bodies from grandparents to parents and from them to us. No matter how much
people deny it, it’s somewhere alive in the body. According to a 2007 report by Human
Rights Watch (HRW), the treatment of Dalits has been like a “hidden apartheid” and that they
“endure segregation in housing, schools, and access to public services”. Whereas, A general
category category of poor family is denied admission to a government college even if he
scores twice the marks scored by a reserved category so called backward candidate. Even if
the so-called backward candidate has a lavish life style. So many people justify themselves as
a lower caste but has a better economic status than most of the people but still take all the
benefits from the government. They have exploited the whole economy of the government
that way. Many people therefore have lost their desired right because of it.
Differences between human beings are never going to end as long as human
race exists. We as humans, if see someone as lower to you, you should still regard them as
fellow human beings and help them in need. Caste should not be based upon surname or
where we are born from, no human should be treated unfair. Everyone is equal and if
reservation is followed it should be solely based of economic status, so that we can really be
with the needy.

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