According to Wikipedia Dalit means “broken/scattered” in Sanskrit and Hindi, is a term mostly used for the ethnic groups in India and Nepal that been kept depressed (often termed backward castes). Dalits were excluded from the four-fold varna system of Hinduism and were seen as forming a fifth Varma, also known by the name of Panchama.
If was popularise by the economist and reformer B. R. Ambedkar (1891-1956), who included all depressed people irrespective of their caste into the definition of Dalits.
In the 1900s Untouchable was considered so impure that any contact with them by a cast member would contaminate the member. The polluted person would have to bathe and wash his or her clothing immediately. The untouchables historically did work that no one else would do, like scavenging animals’ carcasses, leather-work, or killing rats and another pest. Untouchable could not eat in the same room as caste members and could not be cremated when they died. Dalits were segregated in housing, schools, and access to public services. The condition of untouchables was so bad that they were denied access to land, forced to work in degrading conditions, and routinely abused by the police and upper-caste members. As human being they have no legal or social right to protect themselves. Outcasts suffer caste-motivated killings, rape, and other kinds of psychological and physical abuse on a daily basis. At the time of Dr. Ambedkar Dalits were agonize discrimination in education, health care, housing, property, freedom of religion, free choice of employment, and equal treatment before the law.
In today’s date untouchability still exist in our community. As per the facts in 2001-2002 there was 58000 registered egregious abuse against Dalits and tribal. In the modern caste system, people born in specific castes were given more benefits, education was 100% reserved for them as backward classes were not allowed to gain an education, and also specific posts like priests, kings, ministers were reserved for the upper castes. These castes were rigid so that once a person is born in a specific caste he is given all the benefits that people of other castes do not get. Whereas, today seats are reserved for SC, ST, and OBC. As the person born in a reserved community will enjoy the quota even if becomes prosperous and does not deserve it. Also, people from the general cast cannot get the favors of reserved category even if they are very poor. The people of lower caste are exploiting the government, as even they have basic necessities because of their caste, they take all the reservations and benefits which the economically backward people should get. Most of the minority people are rich and fortunate. High-class poor people do not have any right to ask the government any necessity, and the government would not even provide one as they belong to the so-called high class.
We know that untouchability still is a basic practice that exits in India, but many people are misusing the facilities. So many needy people are unable to get anything because of this practice. Humans should be treated equally and no blood relation will define how we should treat a human being in a social and legal manner Everyone should be accepted in society and no other human has the right to judge the other being. As per the reservation norms, they need to be relooked and reformed as per the current economic and social condition, otherwise, it will create some serious riot in the near future.